Archives de catégorie : Publications

New publication – Governing the Dead

GoverningthedeadThe Corpses of mass violence and genocide programme is pleased to present the new book series Human Remains and Violence with Manchester University Press. The first title, Governing the Dead edited by Finn Stepputat, is available now.

In most of the world, the transition from life to death is a time of intense presence of states and other forms of authority. Focusing on the relationship between bodies and sovereignty, Governing the dead explores how, by whom and with what effects dead bodies are governed in conflict and non-conflict contexts across the world, including an analysis of the struggles over ‘proper burials’; the repatriation of dead migrants; abandoned cemeteries; exhumations; ‘feminicide’; the protection of dead drug-lords; and the disappeared dead. Mapping theoretical and empirical terrains, this volume suggests that the management of dead bodies is related to the constitution and membership of states and non-state entities that claim autonomy and impunity.

This volume is a significant contribution to studies of death, power and politics. It will be useful at both undergraduate and postgraduate levels in anthropology, sociology, law, criminology, political science, international relations, genocide studies, history, cultural studies and philosophy.

For more information please visit the publisher’s website, or use the form here.

New Genetics and Society – new publication

imagesA special issue of New Genetics and Society has been published addressing the various approaches by academics and organisations to the identification of victims of mass disasters. ‘Genetic Identification and the Response to Mass Fatalities’ contains six papers drawing on a variety of disciplinary resources – including philosophy, anthropology, science and technology studies, and sociology – as well as the experience of practical involvement, in order to explore how DNA profiling and matching technologies have now become a routine resource in the efforts to restore social order following both natural and anthropogenically occasioned disasters and atrocities. The issue intends to stimulate further critical engagement with the ethical and social issues raised by the use of DNA-based technologies in DVI and elsewhere.

New book published: Gabriel Gatti – 'Surviving forced disappearance in Argentina and Uruguay'

GattiGabriel Gatti has recently published Surviving forced disappearance in Argentina and Uruguay: identity and meaning in the ‘Memory Politics and Transitional Justice’ series with Palgrave Macmillan.

Due in large part to humanitarian law and transitional justice, the categories of detained-disappeared and forced disappearance are today well established – so much so that in some places like Argentina and Uruguay an intense social life has taken shape and become crystallized around them and in their wake. In the complex and dense social worlds that result, victims mix with institutions, laws, and professionals (forensic anthropologists, social scientists, jurists, psychologists, artists, archivists, writers, and so on), occupying intersecting positions and doing so with varied narratives, from the heroic to the tragic, the epic to the paradoxical. Based on extensive fieldwork in Argentina and Uruguay, this book examines and analyzes these worlds. It is aimed at those who are interested in understanding how one inhabits the categories that international law has constructed to mark, judge, think about, and repair horror.

New chapter published: Elisabeth Anstett – 'Des cadavres en masse'

couv60_1-small200A special edition of the journal Technology and Culture has been published to reflect on the diverse range of questions posed by the dead body in the contemporary era. ‘The Corpse on Trial‘ deals with the sensory effects of cadavers and their decomposition, bringing together essays from anthropologists, archaeologists, biologists, sociologists, historians, lawyers and film critics to compare their disciplines’ approaches to “corpse waste”, forms of representation and epistemological concerns for these often perceived objects of repulsion. Among the contributors Elisabeth Anstett sheds light on the social sciences’ approach to corpses en masse in her chapter ‘Des cadavres en masse’, and discusses the ramifications in an age of technology.

Please see here for further information.

New chapter published: Sévane Garibian – 'Ghosts Also Die'

Sévane Garibian has recently published “Ghosts Also Die. Resisting Disappearance Through the ‘Right to the Truth’ and the Juicios por la verdad in Argentina”, Journal of International Criminal Justice, vol. 12:3, 2014, pp. 515-38.
This paper attempts to provide a more complete understanding of the so-called ‘right to the truth’, deriving from court-made doctrines in the human rights field and associated with an alternative form of legal proceedings in Argentina that has no equivalent anywhere else in the world: the trial for the truth (juicio por la verdad). This is a procedure sui generis created in the aftermath of the military dictatorship in response to both the politics of forgetting that prevailed in the 1990s and the continuing obstruction of criminal proceedings up to 2003 due to amnesty laws. Protecting the right to the truth fulfils three functions in turn: first, it makes possible conciliation of amnesty with the right to judicial protection; second, it constitutes the condition for real access to justice; third, it validates the reality of the crime. Each of these functions is associated with one of the three elements, which, together, comprise the struggle against impunity: investigation, sanction, and reparation. Situated between truth commissions and classic criminal proceedings, symbolic reparation and retribution, the Argentinian trials for the truth offer a new way of conceiving both the criminal-law judge’s mission and the relations among law, truth, history, and memory in the context of the rich debates about (post-)transitional justice.
For more information please see here.

New chapter published: Sévane Garibian – 'Vérité vs. impunité'

1079Sévane Garibian has recently published a new chapter on the transitional and post-transitional phases following the Argentine dictatorship: ‘Vérité vs. impunité. La justice (post-)transitionnelle en Argentine et le human rights turn’, in Kora Andrieu et Geoffroy Lauvau dir., Quelle justice pour les peuples en transition? Pacifier, démocratiser, réconcilier (Presses Universitaires de la Sorbonne, Paris, 2014), pp. 91-109.

Le traitement juridique des crimes de la dictature argentine se fait en deux temps – la phase transitionnelle proprement dite (de 1983 aux années 90) puis post-transitionnelle (des années 90 à nos jours) –, de la peine au pardon, aller-retour. Ces deux temps comprennent plusieurs revirements traduisant à chaque fois un changement de paradigme dans la manière d’appréhender les abus commis par le régime militaire. Entre les deux : le human rights turn construit sur l’injonction d’une nécessaire lutte contre l’impunité des crimes les plus graves, productrice de nouveaux droits subjectifs de l’homme (tel que le « droit à la vérité ») qui contribuent, à leur tour, au développement du droit pénal en la matière. Les critiques engendrées par cette « pénalisation des droits de l’homme », tout comme les richesse et diversité de l’expérience argentine, illustrent les incertitudes auxquelles nous confronte toute réflexion autour de la notion même de justice (internationale/étatique, rétributive/réparatrice, judiciaire/a-judiciaire) en phase de (post-)transition politique, héritière d’une criminalité étatique de masse, et impliquant inévitablement une distorsion créatrice du droit et de ses fonctions.

Review – Cadavres impensables, cadavres impensés

Cover1The groundbreaking volume – Cadavres impensables, cadavres impensés. Approches méthodologiques du traitement des corps dans les violences de masse et les génocides – from Elisabeth Anstett and Jean-Marc Dreyfus (eds) has been reviewed by OpenEdition.

“Comment expliquer l’oubli, au sein des disciplines qui s’intéressent aux violences de masse, de la matérialité des cadavres ? Les recherches sur les génocides ont pourtant connu un intérêt massif ces dernières années, tout comme, dans un champ encore plus vaste, les travaux sur le corps dans toutes ses dimensions. Comment comprendre alors que le corps, une fois devenu cadavre, disparaisse de l’intérêt des chercheurs et qu’« en changeant d’état », cet objet singulier « change de statut » ?”

“Ces études de cas complètent donc bien les ambitions méthodologiques, en montrant que le sujet des cadavres, dont le XXe siècle a été si prolixe, est loin d’être périphérique.”

Please read the full review here.

New publication – Rwanda, entre crise morale et malaise esthétique

rwanda_FThe scholar Nathan Réra has recently published Rwanda, entre crise morale et malaise  esthétique – Les médias, la photographie et le cinéma à l’épreuve du génocide des Tutsi (1994-2014) [Rwanda between moral crisis and malaise aesthetic – Media, photography and cinema to the test of the Tutsi genocide (1994-2014)].

The book is a historical and theoretical reflection on the border between aesthetics and politics, on the decisive role of the images, powers and limits of representation, and the test of the last genocide of the twentieth century.

PhD in Art History, Nathan Réra works on representations of genocide, the study of (audio) visual archives and relations between the arts. He has authored two books published by Deep Red: From Paris to Drancy and the possibilities of art after Auschwitz (2009) and In the Garden of Delights – Interviews with Paul Verhoeven (2010).

For more information please see here.

New journal announcement 'Human remains and violence' – call for papers

A4_WEB_RVBManchester University Press is pleased to announce the launch of a new biannual publication Human remains and violence: an interdisciplinary journal. The editors are inviting submissions for publication with the first issue commencing Spring 2015.
Human remains and violence draws together the different strands of academic research on the dead body and the production of human remains en masse, whether in the context of mass violence, genocidal occurrences or natural disasters. Inherently interdisciplinary, the journal publishes papers from a range of academic disciplines within the humanities, social sciences and natural sciences.
Human remains and violence is the first dedicated, international, peer-reviewed journal to explore the social and scientific legacy of mass violence by studying how different societies have coped with the large numbers of dead bodies left behind. By analysing the status, value and uses (political, social, technical or religious) of human remains in post- human induced disasters and natural catastrophe environments, the journal will examine what we can learn about societies from their treatment of, and attitudes towards, human remains.
The journal will publish pioneering research into dead bodies,  whether generated by natural disasters or orchestrated by violent organisations or states (mass violence, war, terrorism, police brutality), and their treatment by the different actors (archaeologists, forensic anthropologists, humanitarians, lawyers, the military and the police). It will draw upon a vast range of case studies to further the understanding of the role of each actor and reflect critically on the current approaches adopted towards human remains within different disciplines.
Call for papers
Human remains and violence will publish academic articles (max. 8000 words), critical commentaries (max. 2000 words) and book reviews (max. 1500 words). Please send your papers for review to Potential contributors should consult the journal’s guidelines which can be found on the publisher’s website. The submission deadline for considering articles for the first issue in Spring 2015 is 1 July 2014.
General Editors
Elisabeth Anstett, CNRS (France)
Jean-Marc Dreyfus, University of Manchester (UK)
Caroline Fournet, University of Groningen (Netherlands)

Cadáveres impensables, cadáveres impensados: El tratamiento de los cuerpos en las violencias de masa y los genocidios

Spanish volume
A pesar del importante corpus documental producido en el campo de los Genocide Studies –y paradójicamente cuando se piensa en el modo en que se desarrollaron los estudios sobre el cuerpo–, la cuestión de la suerte del cadáver de las víctimas en las violencias de masa resulta todavía un tema ampliamente inexplorado.
El cuerpo ciertamente representa una temática transversal de las Ciencias Sociales. No obstante esto, aun considerado en todos sus estados al hallarse vivo, desaparece casi totalmente de la mirada de los investigadores una vez muerto. Únicamente los arqueólogos y los antropólogos especializados en el campo de lo funerario se venían preocupando por la implicación social, religiosa o política de la cual es objeto el cuerpo muerto en contextos de producción masiva de cadáveres.
Este volumen reúne contribuciones de historiadores, juristas y antropólogos que se hicieron la pregunta del por qué los restos humanos y los cadáveres presentes numerosamente constituyen todavía lo impensado, acaso el tabú, de las investigaciones llevadas a cabo acerca de genocidios y violencias extremas.
El resultado de esta reflexión colectiva ofrece a la vez un estado del arte en nuestras diferentes disciplinas, y una exposición tanto de los cuestionamientos actuales como de las dificultades reales a aprehender de un tema extremo, aunque necesario.
See here for further information.